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Oral health behaviour and attitude towards caries among mothers with 0- to 3-year-olds: A survey in Lithuania

Sandra Petrauskienė, Julija Narbutaitė, Aušra Petrauskienė, Jorma I. Virtanen
DOI: 10.21203/rs.2.12330/v1

Abstract

Background

Mothers greatly influence their children’s oral health. This study aimed to investigate the oral health behaviours of mothers with young children and their attitudes towards dental caries.

Material and methods

The survey targeted all mothers with children under three years attending a primary healthcare centre (Department of Family Medicine at the LSMU Hospital) in Kaunas, Lithuania. The Bioethics Centre of the LSMU approved the study (No. BEC-OF-14). Of 176 mothers, 123 (69.9%) took part in the 2016-2017 study. The self-administered questionnaire enquired about mothers’ attitudes towards oral health and behaviours related to the potential transmission of oral bacteria to their children, dietary habits, tooth brushing, smoking, and background factors. The chi-squared test and univariate/multivariate logistic regression analyses, including the odds ratio (OR) and its confidence interval (95% CI), served for the statistical analysis. (P-values ≤ 0.05 indicated statistically significant differences.)

Results

Most (68.5%) of the mothers brushed their teeth twice daily, and 87.4% reported themselves as non-smokers. We found a statistically significant association between mothers who brushed their own teeth twice daily and those who cleaned their children’s teeth likewise (OR = 5.42, 95% CI 1.28-6.63; p = 0.005). We observed significant associations among mothers who gave their children sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) daily and the mothers’ college or lower education (OR = 6.51, 95% CI 1.59-27.19; p = 0.01) and maternal tooth brushing less than twice daily (OR = 3.88, 95% CI 0.99-15.18; p = 0.05).

Conclusions

A considerable number of the Lithuanian mothers did not follow the universal recommendations for tooth brushing, and most of them did not brush their children’s teeth as recommended. Mothers with a lower education and who brushed their teeth less than twice daily offered their children SSB more frequently. More emphasis needs to focus on children’s oral health promotion and education.

Keywords
child, ECC, mother, oral health behaviour, oral health attitude

Figures

Background

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusions

List of Abbreviations

Declarations

References

Tables

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Preprint: Please note that this article has not completed peer review.

Oral health behaviour and attitude towards caries among mothers with 0- to 3-year-olds: A survey in Lithuania

Sandra Petrauskienė, Julija Narbutaitė, Aušra Petrauskienė, Jorma I. Virtanen

STATUS: In Review

Comments: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
HTML Views: 2

Integrity Check:

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Abstract

Background

Mothers greatly influence their children’s oral health. This study aimed to investigate the oral health behaviours of mothers with young children and their attitudes towards dental caries.

Material and methods

The survey targeted all mothers with children under three years attending a primary healthcare centre (Department of Family Medicine at the LSMU Hospital) in Kaunas, Lithuania. The Bioethics Centre of the LSMU approved the study (No. BEC-OF-14). Of 176 mothers, 123 (69.9%) took part in the 2016-2017 study. The self-administered questionnaire enquired about mothers’ attitudes towards oral health and behaviours related to the potential transmission of oral bacteria to their children, dietary habits, tooth brushing, smoking, and background factors. The chi-squared test and univariate/multivariate logistic regression analyses, including the odds ratio (OR) and its confidence interval (95% CI), served for the statistical analysis. (P-values ≤ 0.05 indicated statistically significant differences.)

Results

Most (68.5%) of the mothers brushed their teeth twice daily, and 87.4% reported themselves as non-smokers. We found a statistically significant association between mothers who brushed their own teeth twice daily and those who cleaned their children’s teeth likewise (OR = 5.42, 95% CI 1.28-6.63; p = 0.005). We observed significant associations among mothers who gave their children sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) daily and the mothers’ college or lower education (OR = 6.51, 95% CI 1.59-27.19; p = 0.01) and maternal tooth brushing less than twice daily (OR = 3.88, 95% CI 0.99-15.18; p = 0.05).

Conclusions

A considerable number of the Lithuanian mothers did not follow the universal recommendations for tooth brushing, and most of them did not brush their children’s teeth as recommended. Mothers with a lower education and who brushed their teeth less than twice daily offered their children SSB more frequently. More emphasis needs to focus on children’s oral health promotion and education.

Figures

Background

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusions

List of Abbreviations

Declarations

References

Tables

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