1.WHO, UNICEF. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding: World Health Organization; 2003.
2.Picot J, Hartwell D, Harris P, Mendes D, Clegg A, Takeda A. The effectiveness of interventions to treat severe acute malnutrition in young children: a systematic review. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England). 2012;16(19):1.
3.UNICEF. Levels and trends in child malnutrition UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: key findings of the 2015 edition. New York: UNICEF, WHO, World Bank Group. 2015.
4.Fanzo J, Hawkes C, Udomkesmalee E, Afshin A, Allemandi L, Assery O, et al. 2018 Global Nutrition Report: Shining a light to spur action on nutrition. 2018.
5.UNICEF. Nepal Integrated Management of Acute Malnutrition (IMAM) guideline. June; 2014.
6.Tang L, Binns CW, Lee AH, Pan X, Chen S, Yu C. Low prevalence of breastfeeding initiation within the first hour of life in a rural area of Sichuan Province, China. Birth. 2013;40(2):134–42.
7.Ministry of Health, New ERA, ICF. Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Kathmandu, Nepal: Ministry of Health, Nepal; 2017.
8.Ministry of Health and Population, New ERA, UNICEF, EU, USAID, CDC. Nepal National Micronutrient Status Survey, 2016. Kathmandu, Nepal: Ministry of Health and Population, Nepal; 2018.
9.World Health Organization, UNICEF, World Food Programme. Global Nutrition Targets 2025: Wasting Policy Brief: World Health Organization; 2014.
10.Pravana NK, Piryani S, Chaurasiya SP, Kawan R, Thapa RK, Shrestha S. Determinants of severe acute malnutrition among children under 5 years of age in Nepal: a community-based case–control study. BMJ open. 2017;7(8):e017084.
11.Ghimire U, Manandhar J, Gautam A, Tuladhar S, Prasai Y, Tesfayi Gebreselassie. Inequalities in Health Outcomes and Access to Services by Caste/Ethnicity, Province, and Wealth Quintile in Nepal. Rockville, Maryland, USA: ICF; 2019.
12.Government of Nepal, Department for International Development, World Food Programme. Nepal: A Report on Food Security Impact of 2017 Flood in Terai, August 2017.
13.National Planning Commission. Nepal human development report 2014: Beyond geography, unlocking human potential. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal and United Nations Development Programme; 2014.
14.Coates J, Swindale A, Bilinsky P. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for measurement of food access: indicator guide. Washington, DC: food and nutrition technical assistance project, academy for educational Development. 2007;34.
15.Group WMGRS. WHO Child Growth Standards based on length/height, weight and age. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992) Supplement. 2006;450:76.
16.StataCorp. Stata Statistical Software: Release 15. College Station, TX: StataCorp LLC2017.
17.World Health Organization, UNICEF. WHO child growth standards and the identification of severe acute malnutrition in infants and children: joint statement by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund. 2009.
18.Briend A, Mwangome MK, Berkley JA. Using Mid-Upper Arm Circumference to Detect High-Risk Malnourished Patients in Need of Treatment. In: Preedy VR, Patel VB, editors. Handbook of Famine, Starvation, and Nutrient Deprivation: From Biology to Policy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2019. p. 705–21.
19.Nepal Rastra Bank. Fifth Household Budget Survey. Kathmandu, Nepal: Nepal Rastra Bank; 2016.
20.Yisak H, Gobena T, Mesfin F. Prevalence and risk factors for under nutrition among children under five at Haramaya district, Eastern Ethiopia. BMC Pediatrics. 2015;15(1):212.
21.Jamro B, Junejo AA, Lal S, Bouk GR, Jamro S. Risk factors for severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five year in Sukkur. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research. 2012;51(4):111.
22.Hong R, Banta JE, Betancourt JA. Relationship between household wealth inequality and chronic childhood under-nutrition in Bangladesh. International Journal for Equity in Health. 2006;5(1):15.
23.Pongou R, Ezzati M, Salomon JA. Household and community socioeconomic and environmental determinants of child nutritional status in Cameroon. BMC Public Health. 2006;6(1):98.
24.Ajao K, Ojofeitimi E, Adebayo A, Fatusi A, Afolabi O. Influence of family size, household food security status, and child care practices on the nutritional status of under-five children in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2010;14(4).
25.Wong HJ, Moy FM, Nair S. Risk factors of malnutrition among preschool children in Terengganu, Malaysia: a case control study. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):785.
26.Casey PH, Szeto K, Lensing S, Bogle M, Weber J. Children in food-insufficient, low-income families: prevalence, health, and nutrition status. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2001;155(4):508–14.
27.Prashanth M, Savitha M, Prashantha B. Risk factors for severe acute malnutrition in under-five children attending nutritional rehabilitation centre of tertiary teaching hospital in Karnataka: a case control study. International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics. 2017;4(5):1721.
28.Pramod Singh GC, Nair M, Grubesic RB, Connell FA. Factors Associated With Underweight and Stunting Among Children in Rural Terai of Eastern Nepal. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2009;21(2):144–52.
29.Hien NN, Hoa NN. under Three Years of Age in Nghean, Vietnam. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2009;8(7):958–64.
30.Bhandari R, Khatri SK, Shrestha KB. Predictors of Severe Acute Malnutrition among Children Aged 6 to 59 Months Attended out Patient Therapeutic Program Center in Kavre District of Nepal-A Case Control Study. International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition. 2018;7(1):30–8.