Preprint: Please note that this article has not completed peer review.
Research article

Practical Value of Three-dimensional High Resolution Magnetic Resonance Vessel Wall Imaging in Identifying Suspicious Intracranial Vertebrobasilar Dissecting Aneurysms

Xianjin Zhu, Hancheng Qiu, Ferdinand K Hui, Yiqun Zhang, Yun-e Liu, Fengyuan Man, Wei-Jian Jiang
DOI: 10.21203/rs.2.11922/v1

Abstract

Background: Direct evidence of intimal flaps, double lumen and intramural haematomas (IMH) is difficult to detect on conventional angiography in most intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs). Our purpose was to assess the value of three-dimensional high-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (3D HRMR VWI) for identifying VBDAs. Methods: Between August 2013 and January 2016, consecutive patients with suspicious VBDAs were prospectively enrolled to undergo catheter angiography and VWI (pre- and post-contrast). The lesion was diagnosed as definite VBDA when presenting direct signs of dissection; as possible when only presenting indirect signs; and as segmental ectasia when there was local dilation and wall thickness similar to adjacent normal artery’s without mural thrombosis. Results: Twenty-one patients with 27 lesions suspicious for VBDAs were finally included. Based on findings of VWI and catheter angiography, definite VBDA was diagnosed in 25 and 7 lesions (92.6%, vs 25.9%, p = 0.000), respectively; possible VBDA in 0 and 20 (0 vs 74.1%), respectively; and segmental ectasia in 2 and 0 (7.4% vs 0%), respectively. On VWI and catheter angiography, intimal flap was detected in 21 and 7 lesions (77.8% vs 25.9%, p=0.001), respectively; double lumen sign in 18 and 7 (66.7% vs 25.9%, p=0.003), respectively; and IMH sign in 14 and 0 (51.9% vs 0), respectively. Conclusions: 3D HRMR VWI was superior to catheter angiography in achieving definite diagnosis of intracranial VBDAs with higher rate of detection of direct dissection signs; and allowed a promising way to differentiate between VBDA and segmental ectasia.

Keywords
Dissecting aneurysm; Vertebrobasilar artery; High resolution magnetic resonance image; Vessel wall imaging

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Background

Methods

Results

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Conclusions

Abbreviations

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References

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Preprint: Please note that this article has not completed peer review.
Research article

Practical Value of Three-dimensional High Resolution Magnetic Resonance Vessel Wall Imaging in Identifying Suspicious Intracranial Vertebrobasilar Dissecting Aneurysms

Xianjin Zhu, Hancheng Qiu, Ferdinand K Hui, Yiqun Zhang, Yun-e Liu, Fengyuan Man, Wei-Jian Jiang

STATUS: In Revision

Comments: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
HTML Views: 9

Integrity Check:

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Abstract

Background: Direct evidence of intimal flaps, double lumen and intramural haematomas (IMH) is difficult to detect on conventional angiography in most intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs). Our purpose was to assess the value of three-dimensional high-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (3D HRMR VWI) for identifying VBDAs. Methods: Between August 2013 and January 2016, consecutive patients with suspicious VBDAs were prospectively enrolled to undergo catheter angiography and VWI (pre- and post-contrast). The lesion was diagnosed as definite VBDA when presenting direct signs of dissection; as possible when only presenting indirect signs; and as segmental ectasia when there was local dilation and wall thickness similar to adjacent normal artery’s without mural thrombosis. Results: Twenty-one patients with 27 lesions suspicious for VBDAs were finally included. Based on findings of VWI and catheter angiography, definite VBDA was diagnosed in 25 and 7 lesions (92.6%, vs 25.9%, p = 0.000), respectively; possible VBDA in 0 and 20 (0 vs 74.1%), respectively; and segmental ectasia in 2 and 0 (7.4% vs 0%), respectively. On VWI and catheter angiography, intimal flap was detected in 21 and 7 lesions (77.8% vs 25.9%, p=0.001), respectively; double lumen sign in 18 and 7 (66.7% vs 25.9%, p=0.003), respectively; and IMH sign in 14 and 0 (51.9% vs 0), respectively. Conclusions: 3D HRMR VWI was superior to catheter angiography in achieving definite diagnosis of intracranial VBDAs with higher rate of detection of direct dissection signs; and allowed a promising way to differentiate between VBDA and segmental ectasia.

Figures

Background

Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusions

Abbreviations

Declarations

References

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