Preprint: Please note that this article has not completed peer review.
Research article

Analysis of fungal bloodstream infection in intensive care units in the Meizhou region of China: species distribution and resistance and the risk factors for patient mortality

Guang-Wen Xiao, Wan-qing Liao, Yuenong Zhang, Xiaodong Luo, Cailing Zhang, Guodan Li, Yingping Yang, Yunyao Xu
DOI: 10.21203/rs.2.12729/v1

Abstract

Background : Fungal bloodstream infections (FBI) among intensive care unit (ICU) patients are increasing. Our objective was to characterize the fungal pathogens that cause bloodstream infections and determine the epidemiology and risk factors for patient mortality among ICU patients in Meizhou, China. Methods Eighty-one ICU patients with FBI during their stays were included in the study conducted from January 2008 to December 2017. Blood cultures were performed and the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the resulting isolates were determined. Logistic multiple regression and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis were used to assess the risk factors for mortality among the cases. Results The prevalence of FBI in ICU patients was 0.38% (81/21,098) with a mortality rate of 35.8% (29/81). Ninety-eight strains of bloodstream-infecting fungi, mainly Candida spp., were identified from these patients. Candida albicans was most common (42.9%). Two strains of C. parapsilosis were no-sensitive to caspofungin, C. glabrata were less than 80% sensitive to azole drugs.. Logistic multiple regression showed that age, serum albumin, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, three or more underlying diseases, and length of stay in ICU were independent risk factors for mortality in FBI. ROC curve analysis showed that APACHE II scores > 19 and serum albumin ≤ 25g/L were the best predictors of mortality. Conclusion Candida spp. predominated with high mortality rates among cases of FBI in ICU. Thus, clinical staff should enhance overall patient monitoring and especially monitor fungal susceptibility to reduce mortality rates.

Keywords
Intensive care unit; ICU; Fungal bloodstream infection; Epidemiology; Mortality risk factors

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Preprint: Please note that this article has not completed peer review.
Research article

Analysis of fungal bloodstream infection in intensive care units in the Meizhou region of China: species distribution and resistance and the risk factors for patient mortality

Guang-Wen Xiao, Wan-qing Liao, Yuenong Zhang, Xiaodong Luo, Cailing Zhang, Guodan Li, Yingping Yang, Yunyao Xu

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Abstract

Background : Fungal bloodstream infections (FBI) among intensive care unit (ICU) patients are increasing. Our objective was to characterize the fungal pathogens that cause bloodstream infections and determine the epidemiology and risk factors for patient mortality among ICU patients in Meizhou, China. Methods Eighty-one ICU patients with FBI during their stays were included in the study conducted from January 2008 to December 2017. Blood cultures were performed and the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the resulting isolates were determined. Logistic multiple regression and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis were used to assess the risk factors for mortality among the cases. Results The prevalence of FBI in ICU patients was 0.38% (81/21,098) with a mortality rate of 35.8% (29/81). Ninety-eight strains of bloodstream-infecting fungi, mainly Candida spp., were identified from these patients. Candida albicans was most common (42.9%). Two strains of C. parapsilosis were no-sensitive to caspofungin, C. glabrata were less than 80% sensitive to azole drugs.. Logistic multiple regression showed that age, serum albumin, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, three or more underlying diseases, and length of stay in ICU were independent risk factors for mortality in FBI. ROC curve analysis showed that APACHE II scores > 19 and serum albumin ≤ 25g/L were the best predictors of mortality. Conclusion Candida spp. predominated with high mortality rates among cases of FBI in ICU. Thus, clinical staff should enhance overall patient monitoring and especially monitor fungal susceptibility to reduce mortality rates.

Figures

Background

Methods

Results

Discussion

Conclusions

Abbreviations

Declarations

References

Tables