The dynamic and probabilistic seismic performances of precast prestressed RCFs are assessed in this paper, and the slab influence in the overall structural behavior is considered during the process. The threedimensional spatial model is established to provide the numerical basis, and the slab is modelled through L-/T-section beam-slab fiber-sections considering the effective width and centroid positions. The adopted model is verified with the experimental data, and the slab influence in hysteresis curves is investigated by parametric study. Then, two groups of precast prestressed RCFs are well designed to evaluate the slab influence in dynamic responses through seismic excitations, and the modal analysis, roof displacement analysis, maximum and residual drift ratio analysis are conducted for discussion. Moreover, the incremental dynamic analysis and fragility analysis are also conducted to investigate the probabilistic performance of precast prestressed RCFs with or without slabs. In general, different demand parameters may result in the variability of analyzing results, and ignoring the slab influence may underestimate the structural capacity under the frequent earthquakes (i.e., elastic stage) and overestimate the structural capacity under the rare earthquakes (i.e., plastic stage). In a sense, the research proves the significance of slabs in the seismic performance of dry-connected precast prestressed RCFs, and meanwhile provides the reference for the further explorations of slab factors in precast concrete structures.