This study examines mangosteen peels waste and alginate beads (MPAB) as an efficient, sustainable and low-cost adsorbent for removal of methylene blue (MB) cationic dye from aqueous solution in a batch adsorption system. Surface functional groups, surface morphology, surface properties, and thermal stability of MBAB were analyzed using various instrumental techniques such as FTIR, FESEM, BET and TGA techniques. MPAB adsorption efficiency for MB was investigated through variation of dosage (0.01- 0.08g), pH (2- 10), contact time (60- 1320 min), MB concentration (20- 100 mg/L) and temperature (298- 333K). MPAB showed maximum removal capacity of 373 mg/g at 25 oC in basic medium. Kinetic and isotherm studies showed that pseudo second order kinetic models and both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms best fit the experimental data. The findings revealed that novel MPAB has the potential to be a cost-effective adsorbent for removal of textile dyes.