The present study reveals the potential run-off estimation, soil erosion and scope of groundwater recharge in the Bundelkhand region in the state of U.P. , India. The estimation of run-off and soil erosion have provided a platform to evaluate the realistic potential for water conservation in the study area. The study area is characterized by occurrence of mild to severe drought conditions with significant run-off and poor infiltration. Geomorphological factors such as land use changes, slope, and nature of soil affect the run-off rate and discharge significantly. Soil map and rainfall data for the study area were acquired to evaluate the hydrological soil group (HSG) and antecedent moisture condition (AMC) respectively. Soil Conservation Services and Curve Number (SCS-CN) method has been used to calculate the run-off volume at the point where river/streams join together while soil loss has been calculated using revised universal soil loss equation of RUSLE model with the input of spatial data sets such as soil texture, rainfall, topography etc. The maximum run-off (355mm) has been estimated in watershed-1 during 2016 and minimum (1 mm) in watershed-4 respectively. The estimated run-off varies from 5.5% to 28% of the total rainfall in the study area, while soil loss is maximum (2.1x106 ton/ha) in the watershed-1. It is a fact that soil loss is in conformity with run-off. This finding provides the roadmap for the selection of suitable artificial recharge structures to augment the groundwater in the study area.