Modelling a complex system of autonomous individuals moving through space and time essentially entails understanding the (heterogeneous) spatiotemporal context, interactions with other individuals, their internal states and making any underlying causal interrelationships explicit, a task for which agents (including vector-agents) are specifically well-suited. Building on a conceptual model of agent space-time and reasoning behaviour, a design guideline for an implemented vector-agent model is presented in this article as an example. The movement of football players was chosen as it is appropriately constrained in possible space, time and individual actions. Sensitivity-variability analysis was applied to measure the performance of different configurations of system components on the emergent movement patterns. The model output varied more when the condition of the contextual actors (players’ role-areas) were manipulated. In conclusion, ABMs can contribute to our understanding of movement and how causally-relevant evidence could be produced, through a proposed agent equipped with active causal knowledge.