Acrylopimaric acid is considered one of the possible substitutes for petroleum-based polymeric monomers, which is an important industrial product. Resin acids were isomerized to form levopimaric acid(4), which reacted with acrylic acid to synthesize isomers of acrylopimaric acid. Density functional theory calculation was used to investigate the reaction mechanisms with seven reaction paths in five different solutions. The values of ΔG were sorted from highest to lowest by levopimaric acid(4), neoabietic acid(3), palustric acid(2), and bietic acid(1). From the perspective of dynamics, the energy barrier in the isomerization of palustric acid(2) to levopimaric acid(4) was the lowest, whereas the highest energy barrier was the isomerization of neoabietic acid(3) to levopimaric acid(4) in the same solution. The addition reaction of levopimaric acid(4) and acrylic acid(5) to acrylopimaric acid c(8) was the optimal reaction path dynamically. However, ΔG of acrylopimaric acid c(8) was higher than that of acrylopimaric acid d(9). In general, the rates of isomerization reactions for rosin resin acids and addition reaction for acrylopimaric acid in water were higher than those in other solvents. HOMO-LUMO and ESP were analyzed for 8 kinds of molecules. For acylpyimaric acid, the non-planar six-memed ring and the C-C double bonds were easily attacked by nucleophile, while the non-planar six-memed ring and the carboxyl group are easily reacted with electrophiles. The highest electrostatic potential of the eight molecules is located at H of the carboxyl group, while the highest electrostatic potential is located at C-O double bond of the carboxyl group.