3.1. Socio demographic characteristics of the respondent
A total of 315 questionnaires were distributed, 301 were available for analysis, and the response rate was 95.5%. Females account for 46% (138) and males 54% (162). All respondents were in the 17-28 age groups, with an average student age of 21.6 ± 0.13. Of the total population surveyed, 142 (47.3%) were Orthodox Christians, 73 (24.3%) were Muslims, 32 (11%) were Protestants, and the remaining 39 (13%) were other religious believers. was. Regarding the ethnic composition of the respondents, 94 (31.3%) are Amharic, 85 (28.3%) are Oromo, 71 (23.7%) are Tigre, 17 (5.7%) are Gurage, and the rest. 32 (11%) were from other ethnic groups such as Wolaita, Somalia and other ethnic groups. Other socio-demographic features of the study population are detailed in Table 1. Most students were fully supported by their families, with 74.3% (16.7%) from sister siblings and some from relatives (8%). Dealing with problems when faced with problems 44% of students prayed 25.3% talked to their parents, 24% talked to friends, and the remaining 5.3% smoked. The quality of the relationship with my friends is very satisfying. Satisfaction and dissatisfaction were 28.3%, 44.3% and 16%, respectively. Most of the parents of the students lived together at 84.4%, the remaining percentages were 8.3% and 6.1%, and the parents separated and divorced. 21.7%, 28.3% and 25.2% of students chose to listen to music, read books in their free time, and went out with friends, respectively. Only 21.7% play sports. In addition to 3.5% of students sleeping, some complained that they did not have free time. See table 1
3.2. Substance use history of the respondents
As shown in Table 2, of the 300 study participants, 75 (25%) had used chat in the past 12 months, and 95 (31.7%) had practiced chat chewing at least once in their life. 139 (46.3%) respondents have consumed alcohol in the last 12 months, and 59 (19.7%) have used alcohol at least once in their life. 47 (15.7%) respondents were classified as smokers in the last 12 months. Students with a history of substance use were asked about the reasons for their use. Overall, the top reasons reported include: 64 (21.3%) job / performance improvements, 33 (11%) irritability, 24 workload (8.3%), and 178 others. (59%) responses due to peer influence to relieve tension Improved academic performance / academic achievement were the top reason (64) among chat readers. See table 2
3.3. Prevalence of Anxiety among freshman students
All in all the prevalence of anxiety among freshman students at Mizan Tepi University was 27.6%. Anxiety was more common among women. The prevalence of anxiety among students in education, social sciences, computer science, law and business was 32.5%, 30%, 28.8%, 26.3% and 21.2%, respectively, as well as the prevalence of anxiety associated with the perception of financial situation was more than enough, almost enough, not enough 26.5%, 30.7%, 21.2% and 27.4%, respectively. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms among students >25 years old was 55.2%. See table 3
3.4 Factor associated with Anxiety
After controlling all the variables, the final model contains 3 variables that have significant contributions to the anxiety outcome, with p value <0.05, as shown in Table 4.
The association between anxiety and the following variables observed during the bivariate analysis with a p value of <0.05 cannot be resisted in the multivariate analysis, with a P value of> 0.05, CI is not included. There is a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of anxiety between the ages of students, p-value = 0.039, indicating that the prevalence of anxiety is generally decreasing with age. There is no statistical difference in the prevalence of anxiety among students of different religions.
A statistically significant higher rate of anxiety was seen among female students (40.6%) than male (16.6%). [AOR 95%CI=3.367(1.88, 6.01), P=0.00]
There was no statistically significant difference in association between facing problem and anxiety.
The study also showed that there was no statistically significant correlation between the anxiety of freshmen at Mizan University and the marital status of the students.
In addition, compared with students without a history of drinking (13.8%), students who reported a history of drinking at least once in their lifetime (31.8%) did not observe statistically significant anxiety.