The development of continuous conducting polymer fibres is essential for applications ranging from advanced fibrous devices to frontier fabric electronics. The use of continuous conducting polymer fibres requires a small diameter to maximize their electroactive surfaces, microstructural orientations, and mechanical strengths. However, regularly used wet spinning techniques have rarely achieved this goal due primarily to the insufficient slenderization of rapidly solidified conducting polymer molecules in poor solvents. Here we report a good solvent exchange strategy to wet spin the ultrafine polyaniline fibres at the large scale. The slow diffusion between good solvents distinctly decreases the viscosity of gel protofibers, which undergo an impressive drawing ratio. The continuously collected polyaniline fibres have a previously unattained diameter below 5 µm, high energy and charge storage capacities, and favorable mechanical performance. We demonstrated an ultrathin all-solid organic electrochemical transistor based on ultrafine polyaniline fibres, which substantially amplified microampere drain-source electrical signals with less one volt driving voltage and effectively operated as a tactile sensor detecting pressure and friction forces at different levels. The aggressive electronical and electrochemical merits of ultrafine polyaniline fibres and their great potentials to prepare on industrial scale offer new opportunities for high-performance soft electronics and large-area electronic textiles.