We present in this paper a detailed study on the Markus–Yamabe conjecture in planar piecewise linear systems. We consider discontinuous piecewise linear systems with two zones separated by a straight line, in which every subsystem is asymptotically stable. We prove the existence of limit cycles under explicit parameter conditions and give more different counterexamples to the Markus-Yamabe conjecture in addition to the counterexamples given by Llibre and Menezes. In particular, we consider continuous planar piecewise linear systems. For such a system with n + 1 zones separated by n parallel straight lines in phase space, we prove that if each of subsystems is asymptotically stable, then this system has a globally asymptotically stable equilibrium point, therefore the Markus–Yamabe conjecture still holds. Some examples are given to illustrate the main results.
Mathematics Subject Classification (2020) 34C05 · 34C07 · 37G15