The ultrasonic welding was carried out to improve the quality of dissimilar Al/Mg alloys joint. The effects of laser texturing on the microstructure and mechanism of AZ31B/5052 joint connected by ultrasonic welding were also investigated. A series of laser texturing experiments on Al alloy (5052) and Mg alloy (AZ31B) were performed to determine the process parameters and their ef-fect on ultrasonic weld quality, especially on weld strength. Little effect was attained by opti-mizing welding parameters in improving mechanical properties. Both welding parameters and different texture pattern were investigated to obtain good weld quality. The connection mecha-nisms of joints were discussed based on the analysis of weld interface morphology, microstruc-ture evolution. Mechanical analysis of particle and movement of material atoms were analyzed in the study to explain the connect mechanism. The results show that the better lock-interface and lager lap shear strength were attained by laser texture addition and optimal welding parameters. Compared with the untextured joint, swirling bonding interface was obtained after the laser tex-ture. The laser texture with grid pattern was found to raise the strength up to 26% higher maxi-mum tensile-shear load than the joints obtained with the untextured surface.