The healthcare system in Pakistan is facing a shortage of human resources and appropriate and sustainable financial measures and therefore fails to provide optimum services to the population of Pakistan. Furthermore, research is limited in the healthcare institutes; therefore, there is a scarcity of information about patient satisfaction with pharmacists and pharmacy services in Pakistan. As evident from the inadequate information in the literature, patients’ opinions about the pharmacy services in Pakistan are important . Therefore, the current study was designed to assess patient satisfaction with the pharmacy performance of the outpatient pharmacy and its variation with socio-demographic characteristics in twin cities of Pakistan (Rawalpindi and Islamabad).
A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the patient satisfaction through convenience sampling technique. Minimum sample size of 250 respondents who visit pharmacy department of public and private hospital for pharmaceutical care were included in this study. A pre validated tool was used to assess the patient satisfaction. Data was clean coded and import into spss for analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistic was applied to calculate frequency, standard deviation, mean deviation and p value to find the association among different domain of patient satisfaction with different demographic characteristics of respondents.
Current study shows overall patients were satisfied from pharmacy services provided by government and private hospitals. Furthermore patient satisfaction towards pharmacist medication advice was very good however patient satisfaction towards pharmacist approach was good while patient perception with pharmacy setting, drug availability and cost were underrated. Significance difference (p ≤ 0.05) was observed in pharmacist’s approach with different gender, age groups and qualification. No significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) was observed in pharmacy setting drug availability and cost with different gender, age groups and marital status of respondents. However Significance difference (p ≤ 0.05) was observed in pharmacy setting drug availability and cost with different level of education patients with less education had better satisfaction as compared to highly educated respondents. Furthermore Significance difference (p ≤ 0.05) was observed in pharmacy setting drug availability and cost with occupation. Self-employee and government employee had low satisfaction score while other had better satisfactory score. Significance difference (p ≤ 0.05) was observed in pharmacist’s approach with different gender, age groups and qualification. Females had better satisfactory score as compared to female. Younger age group had better satisfaction as compared to elderly. Patients belong to higher educational groups had better satisfaction toward pharmacist approach as compared to low qualification groups respondents. Furthermore No significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) was observed in pharmacist’s approach with marital status and number of visits
Current study concluded that overall patient had average satisfaction score. Patients shows a better satisfaction towards pharmacist behavior/ way of handling the patients, information provided by pharmacist regarding medicine. Patient had less satisfaction towards the location of pharmacy, Availability and affordability of medicine. Patient shows negative satisfaction regarding waiting area and counselling area at in door patient pharmacy. It has been observed that educated respondents shows high level of satisfaction towards pharmacist availability and information provided by the pharmacist.