Background: Taking thrombosis and bleeding risks into consideration, little real world study data is available to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly Chinese chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients.
Methods: We assigned 504 CTO patients aged ≥75 years who successfully underwent PCI from December 2009 to May 2020. The patients were randomized to Clopidogrel and Ticagrelor group and received DAPT for up to 12 months. Efficacy endpoints were evaluated by major adverse cardiac events (MACE) consisting of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) and clinically driven revascularization. The safety endpoints were recorded as the incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) bleeding.
Results: Patients in Clopidogrel group were older, they had a higher percentage of BMI, diastolic blood pressure and HDL-C than those in Ticagrelor group. Clopidogrel group had a lower percentage of hyperlipidemia, prior PCI, glucose, TG and LDL-C. No significant difference was found as to the Angiographic and procedural characteristics (P＞0.05 for all). After 12 months' follow-up, the incidence of MACE (12.19% vs. 11.04%, P=0.763) and bleeding (9.38% vs. 13.64%, P=0.205) had no significant difference. After clinical characteristics balanced matching by IPTWs model, we found that Ticagrelor had an unfavorable effect on reducing the incidence of bleeding with the IPTWs model (IPTW-OR, 1.81, 95% CI: 1.18-2.76, P=0.006).
Conclusions: This clinical study demonstrated that Clopidogrel should be recommended to elderly CTO patients after PCI, especially those with a high bleeding risk.
Trial registration: The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Air Force Medical University (KY20172019-1).