Sustainably feeding the growing population in China attracts attention globally. Despite practices success, producing enough food to simultaneously address resource and pollution problems has been infeasible. To assess how to achieve this goal in 2035, we created a pathway that synergistic combining improved managements and cropland redistribution based on 11.1 million farmer surveys and 4,272 georeferenced field observations. Here, we firstly selected the practices of top 10% performers in crop yield and nitrogen (N) efficiency as crop-specific attainable improved managements at the county level. The optimized crop distribution within improved managements was then performed to minimize inputs (N and phosphorus fertilizer, irrigation water) or environmental impacts (reactive N [Nr] loss and greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions). We identified that combing improved managements and cropland redistribution could produce enough food demands in 2035, with 24% more production compared to 2012. It also reduced the inputs and environmental impacts in a range of 19%-35%, mainly sourced from the central and eastern coastal areas by improved productivity and diminished cropland of fruit and vegetables. These findings highlight the necessity for a synergistic combination of measures to sustainably feed the growing population and establish a more realistic and effective policy.