Recent studies have shown exercise is effective for adult hippocampus neurogenesis and memory. However, the molecular mechanism of exercise is unclear. In this study, AG1478, an ErbB4 inhibitor, was used to explore the involvement of ErbB4 receptors. Four weeks post-running, cognitive impairment was analyzed using T-maze, Morris water maze (MWM) and contextual fear discrimination learning tests, followed by histological assessment of the proliferation and survival of hippocampal neurons using Ki67, NeuN and BrdU immunostaining respectively. Expression of total and phosphate ErbB4 protein level was evaluated by Western blotting. The results showed that AG1478 significantly impaired the performances in T-maze and MWM (spatial learning and memory), contextual fear conditioning and discrimination learning paradigm (non-spatial working and reference memory), enhanced neurogenesis loss, downregulated the expression of p-ErbB4 and total ErbB4 protein, which could be reversed by running. Taken together, our study suggested that running ameliorates cognitive impairment and neurogenesis via ErbB4 signaling.