Objective: To evaluate the changeing trend and influencing factors of medical and health service supply efficiency in 31 provinces of China.
Methods: According to the input-output relevant index data of medical and health service in China from 2009 to 2018, data envelopment analysis- Malmquist(DEA-Malmquist) was used to calculate the total factor productivity, technical efficiency, and technical change. Meanwhile, Tobit model to analyzed the main effective factors of medical and health service supply efficiency in China
Results: In 2018, 21 provinces including Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Guangdong were effective in DEA of China's medical and health supply efficiency. Jilin, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu and Shandong were weak DEA effective, while Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Anhui, Fujian and Xinjiang were not DEA effective. From 2009 to 2018, the total factor productivity of China's medical and health service supply has been decreased steadily, which was mainly affected by technological changes. From the perspective of regions, the technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency of medical and health service supply was the highest in the east, followed by the central and the western region. Associate’s degree or above, gross regional domestic product, and health care expenditure were significantly associated with the increasing of medical and health service supply efficiency.
Conclusions: According to their own conditions and constraints, all localities should take targeted measures to strengthen the allocation and management level of medical and health resources, promote technological progress, give full play to the role of education and economic development, increase the expenditure on medical and health care, improve the utilization rate of beds, shorten the average hospitalization days, effectively improve the efficiency of medical and health services supply, and better provide health care for people.