Hyperspectral imaging is a versatile and powerful technology for gathering geo-data. Planes and satellites equipped with hyperspectral cameras are currently the leading contenders for large-scale imaging projects. Aiming at the shortcomings of traditional methods for detecting sparse representation of multi-spectral images, this paper proposes wireless sensor networks (WSNs) based single-hyperspectral image super-resolution method based on deep residual convolutional neural networks. We propose a different strategy that involves merging cheaper multispectral sensors to achieve hyperspectral-like spectral resolution while maintaining the WSN's spatial resolution. This method studies and mines the nonlinear relationship between low-resolution remote sensing images and high-resolution remote sensing images, constructs a deep residual convolutional neural network, connects multiple residual blocks in series, and removes some unnecessary modules. For this purpose, a decision support system is used that provides the outcome to the next layer. Finally, this paper, fully explores the similarities between natural images and hyperspectral images, use natural image samples to train convolutional neural networks, and further use migration learning to introduce the trained network model to the super-resolution problem of high-resolution remote sensing images, and solve the lack of training samples problem. A comparison between different algorithms for processing data on datasets collected in situ and via remote sensing is used to evaluate the proposed approach. The experimental results show that the method has good performance and can obtain better super-resolution effects.