Background: Residency training causes high stress and leads to depression.
Aims: This study aims to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with depression in residents.
Methods: This cross-sectional, single-site study was conducted on residents from March to July 2020. We used the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to determine depression. We use binary logistic regression to evaluate associated factors: loneliness, burnout, sleep quality, Emotional quotients (EQ), and perceived social support (PSS).
Results: About one-fifth of residents had depression (47 of 201), 6.97% of students had suicidality. Factors showing a positive correlation with depression included: loneliness (aOR: 1.27; 95%CI: 1.15-1.40); burnout syndrome in depersonalization (aOR: 1.18; 95%CI: 1.10-1.25), and reduced personal accomplishment (aOR: 1.10; 95%CI: 1.05-1.14). Factors showing a negative correlation with depression included: perceived social support from significant others (aOR: 0.91; 95%CI: 0.85-0.98); three subscales of EQ included motivation (aOR: 0.82; 95%CI: 0.68-0.99); life satisfaction (aOR: 0.83; 95%CI: 0.70-0.97); level of peace (aOR: 0.76; 95%CI: 0.66-0.87).
Conclusions: Depression in residents was 23.40%. Loneliness, low social support, and burnout (depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment) were associated with depression. EQ (motivation, life satisfaction, and peace) might reduce depression.