Particle loss is the root cause for the occurrence of Karst Collapse Pillars (KCP) sudden water events. The pore adjustment of KCP filler will further induce seepage destabilization, and it is also a process that sudden water catastrophe must go through. In order to investigate the direct relationship between stress conditions, water pressure conditions, and gradation structure on the pore structure of rock samples, the steady-state percolation method was used to investigate the percolation test system of variable-mass crushed rock masses. The results show that: 1) the structural characteristics of rock grains under the same stress environment are closely related to their extrusion fragmentation process and the softening and scouring effect of water. Rubbing, rotating, fracturing, grinding and plugging are the main forms of action of their intergranular action. 2) The filling particles before and after the loss meet the fractal law and have fractal characteristics. 3) The percentage of fine particles in the whole process of infiltration loss is as high as 34.4%. The adjustment of pore structure is related to the particle size gradation, and the reciprocal action of water flow will form a stable water-conducting channel. 4) The sudden water process of the specimen under particle loss can be divided into three stages: initial seepage, catastrophic destabilization and pipe flow surge.