Senescent cells drive age-related tissue dysfunction partially via the induction of a chronic senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Mitochondria are major regulators of the SASP; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Mitochondria also control apoptosis, a cell fate generally perceived as distinct from cellular senescence, which is apoptosis resistant. Here, we show that mitochondrial outer membrane permeability (MOMP) occurring in a small subset of mitochondria is a feature of cellular senescence. This process, called minority MOMP (miMOMP), depends on the formation of BAX and BAK macropores and results in release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) into the cytosol, which in turn activates the cGAS/STING pathway, a major regulator of the SASP. Importantly, we found that inhibition of MOMP in vivo decreases inflammatory markers and improves healthspan parameters in aged mice. Our results propose the novel concept that apoptosis and senescence are regulated by similar mitochondrial-dependent mechanisms, and that sub-lethal mitochondrial apoptotic stress is a major driver of the SASP. We also provide proof-of-concept that inhibition of miMOMP may be a new therapeutic avenue to improve healthspan.