In the present study, there were two hundred forty-six samples surveyed among them 74.8% voted the physical teaching, 12.2% voted for online teaching and 6.5% elected both kinds of teaching method, whereas 6.5% did not vote for any teaching method as the best teaching method. Similar results were there in a local study by Abaid Ullah et al, they found that all the students were facing the same issues with online teaching, whether they were at the school level or university level7. Another similar study by Tej Bahadur Karki et al found that a higher number of students responded that physical class was more comfortable than the online class8.
A couple of unsimilar studies from Saudi Arabia concluded that the online teaching method was well-received, and all participants agreed that online sessions were time-saving and that their performance was improved due to the enhanced utility of time9. While in another study online learning was more convenient, as demonstrated by the fact that 28.5 and 31.9 % of the respondents thought that it was much more effective and somewhat more effective, respectively 10. This difference of opinion is due tothe easy availability of electricity (no-load shedding), internet facility and laptops in their country.The results of an international study indicate that students react differently to online teaching methods, their reaction is based on their proficiency in using online tools, their ability to technically access online courses, and the instructors’ manner in conducting learning activities11.
Among samples who voted for online teaching most said it is a better method of teaching, has several tools as part of their lesson plans, allows students to attend classes from any location of their choice, can be recorded for further reference, more affordable as compared to physical learning, improves students attendance, is the good method forcreating a learning environment. An unsimilar study by JuliaYu-Fong Chang et al revealed that dental college students preferred online teaching as compared to physical classroom teaching 12. This difference may be due to well-trained teachers and the availability of resources in Taiwan for online teaching.
Among samples who preferred online teaching mostly said an inability to focus on the screen for a longperiod, the greater chance for students to easily distracted by social or other sites, bigger challenge of online classes is internet connectivity, feeling of lowliness because students miss their pears, required teachers to have online teaching training and health hazard due to increase screen time, statements on inability to focus, internet connectivity and sense of isolation.In a local study from Lahore Pakistan, school and university students had a lot of problems during online classes. A total of 88% of students had no internet facility, 65% of students were not satisfied with the online teaching method and 85% of students had eyesight issues 7.Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan stated that teachers and students faced a lot of problems with online learning. Most of the students had noaccess to Wi-Fi or computers 13.Another similar local study showed that online teaching had an improper study environment, insufficient online study material, no access or slow internet speed, and load shedding problems14 A study was conducted in private universities of Pakistan, results regarding online teaching were similar to us stating that lack of internet facility, load shedding, financial issues, ear pain due to prolonged use of hand-free/Blue-tooth and unreliable results in assessments were the major problems faced by the students 15.
Among students who adopted physical teaching; all agreed that physical education provides a healthy environment to students for learning, build the character of a child, get the chance tointeract with their subject teacher, learn a lot from the presence of their peers, clears the concepts of the students by interacting with their teachers, motivate the students to attend their respective institutions, reward associated with physical education, it makes the carrier of the students, provides a sense of competition among students, taking too much of the students time, and is expensive as compared to online teaching. Our results are consistent with an Indian study that showed that the physicalclassroom teaching method is better in understanding, convenience for attending class, notes-taking, visibility, audibility, raising queries 16.A study from the European country proposed that a lack of proper equipment at home, a lack of proper training for information technology use were among the highest-ranked difficulties during online teaching11.
We concluded that the majority of our students like and favor the physical teaching method as compared to the online teaching method.