Background: Local recurrence after lung SBRT for early stage NSCLC is rare but its treatment remains a challenge due to limited surgical options. We report a case series of 5 patients treated by stereotactic lung salvage reirradiation for local relapse after a previous lung SBRT.
Material and methods: Included patients presented an isolated primary lung relapse within at least the 25% isodose of the previous SBRT treatment. Typical reirradiation schedule was 60 Gy in 8 fractions at isodose 80% and was delivered by Cyberknife® using Synchrony® fiducial tracking system. Dose summations were performed to evaluate the safety of the reirradiation.
Results: We identified 5 patients presenting peripheral lesions. All reirradiated lesions were locally controlled after a median follow-up of 8.0 months (3,4-10,2). while PFS at 6 months was 60% (n = 3). We did not notice any Grade 3 or more acute or late adverse event.
Conclusion: We observed encouraging short-term outcome of lung SBRT reirradiation in patients presenting isolated local relapse of an early-stage NSCLC. Further studies are necessary to confirm the safety and efficiency of this salvage treatment approach.