The exotic electronic and optical properties of the transition metal dichalcogenides(TMDCs) opens up new opportunities in the field of dielectric metaphotonics. Although some interesting photonic phenomena have been demonstrated in nanostructures fabricated from mechanical exfoliated TMDCs, it is still challenging to realize the large scale TMDCs metaphotonics structure with controllable geometric parameters. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the MoS2 metaphotonics structures through the CVD bottom-up method, which support both the dielectric resonant modes and self-coupled polaritons. To be specific, we realize the magnetic-type surface lattice resonance(M-SLR) in the 1D MoS2 metaphotonics structure with extremely low material loss. As a proof of concept, we further exhibit a self-coupled exciton-SLR polariton via the spatial dispersion with abnormal coupling strength to the mode volume and the Rabi splitting up to 170meV. Bright Mie modes and self-coupled anapole-exciton polaritons with unambiguous anti-crossing behavior are also realized in 2D MoS2 metaphotonics structures. We argue that the TMDCs structure based on this CVD bottom-up fabrication method not only can realize nanoresonator but also can be extended to other metaphotonic structure such as metasurface, metalens and slab photonic crystal.