Data on the viral loads in respiratory aerosols from patients infected with Delta and Omicron variants are limited. In this study, we used an exhaled breath bioaerosol collector to collect aerosol samples in coarse (> 5µm) and fine (≤ 5µm) fractions from COVID-19 patients infected with these VOCs while doing various respiratory activities. Samples were tested via SARS-CoV-2 RT-qPCR and virus culture. Nine patients (4 Delta and 5 Omicron) were included. Viral RNA was detectable in seven participants, with greater viral loads in fine aerosols. Notably SARS-CoV-2 RNA was consistently detectable in respiratory samples of all Omicron patients despite them being fully vaccinated and mostly asymptomatic in contrast with Delta patients. Singing and talking without mask generated the greatest viral loads underscoring the transmission potential of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants via respiratory aerosols. The more consistent detection of viral RNA in Omicron-infected patients may account for its greater transmissibility.