The coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has wreaked havoc on healthcare infrastructures, global health infrastructure, and the economies of several nations. It was brought on by the novel coronavirus 2 that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). Droplets sprayed by COVID-19 individuals were the most prevalent route of coronavirus transmission whether they were talking, coughing, or sneezing. SARS-CoV-2 is an enclosed, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus that is the eighth coronavirus that may be transferred from person to person. Bats have been identified as potential important reservoirs of coronavirus in China. Bats are reservoir hosts for a variety of zoonotic viruses, including the Hendra and Nipah viruses. The SARS-CoV-2 shares almost 50% of its genetic sequence with the MERS-CoV and 79% with the SARS-CoV, respectively. In addition, SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV have the same receptor-binding domain structure [1, 2, 3]. As of Feb 202, the World Health Organization had received reports of 393M confirmed cases of COVID-19, with 5.73M deaths. There were 223 nations, regions, or territories impacted. To avoid SARS-CoV-2, almost a billion individuals stayed at home. At the same time, a slew of other issues arose. Figure 1 shows the COVID-19 confirmed cases as of Feb 2022.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that may be used to create intelligent systems and is frequently implemented as a software program. Artificial intelligence (AI) has re-emerged into scientific consciousness, with new findings being published at an incredible rate. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare is fast growing. AI entails the creation of advanced algorithms that can efficiently and effectively carry out complicated tasks. The basic goal of AI in healthcare is to uncover hidden information from massive data and assist policymakers and physicians in making successful therapeutic decisions [4, 5, 6]. The medical sector is seeking innovative tools to monitor and manage the spread of the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic in this global health disaster.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is one such tool that may readily track the transmission of this virus, identify high-risk individuals, and aid in real-time infection management. It may also forecast mortality risk by thoroughly evaluating the patients' historical data. AI has been shown to be valuable in healthcare, therefore researchers believe it might be useful in the battle against COVID-19. AI has triggered a paradigm change in health care, from pandemic predictions to creating anti-viral-replication chemicals. Recent COVID-19 AI research suggests that it can help detect COVID-19 infection and affected populations, anticipate the next epidemic, identify the attack pattern, and potentially develop a treatment.