In this paper, the nonlinear finite element analysis by ABAQUS was used to predict the behavior and ultimate capacity of shaft lining steel-concrete composite structures. The numerical data for designing the shaft lining structure in coal mines; the stress-strain response and damage of steel-concrete composites is deeply explore through finite element analysis and analytical methods. The present work studies the influence of thickness-diameter ratio on the shaft lining structures performance by focusing on the stress-strain characteristics, geometry imperfections, damage and deformations occurs inside the materials structure properties. The results from the finite element simulation agree very well with the experimental observations, especially with regard to load-deflection response, crack patterns at different load stages, failure modes and stress-strain mechanisms. All these indicate that the constitutive models used for shaft linings concrete by ABAQUS are able to capture compressive behavior and stress-strain response of the different Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7, Z8, and Z9 specimens.