There is immense importance of this research in the field of cotton fabrics manufacturing industries as well as retailers. Different scholars worked regarding this investigation at various times where literature review exposed different consequences. Some of them were parallel and some of them were widely different. Cotton fibers are obtained from nature and fabrics made with cotton yarns are comfortable to the wearer . Strength is directly related to the polyester content percentage of the cotton-polyester blended woven fabrics .
Woven fabrics are made by the interlacement of two different sets of yarns. In these two sets, one is called the warp and another is called the weft. Woven fabrics are made with the interlacement process of warp and weft at a right angle. Generally, woven fabrics are manufactured in weaving loom, and made of yarns woven on a warp and a weft . Woven fabrics are manufactured by both natural and synthetic fibers and are frequently made from a combination of together .
Woven fabrics are mainly three types such as plain, twill, and satin. Plain weave fabrics are mainly manufactured by the two sets of yarns with the 1 up and 1 down process at right angles. Plain weave is a fabric that is strong and hard-wearing and is applied for elegance and furnishing fabrics . In this weave, the warp and weft yarns stay at right angles and create a durable fabric. Every weft yarn passes the warp yarn by moving above one and then below the following, and so on. The subsequent weft yarn goes below the warp yarn that its belonging passes over, and vice versa .
Among plain weave fabrics, balanced clothes are prepared with the warp and weft yarns the same count and a similar measure of picks and ends per inch of clothes. In the basket-weave fabric, two or more yarns are laid together and then interlaced with each other . These yarns run parallel to their corresponding yarns. Muslin is a type of fabric that is made up of 100% cotton yarns with the interlacement portion of one up and one down. The yarn count of muslin clothes is very fine ranges from 200Ne to 300Ne . The Thermal molding technique was applied to make the nonwoven composite by hot pressing. Nonwoven materials of different thickness were produced with two fibers were cheaper, stronger and lighter which were used in the interior part of the complex. . Sustainable dyes are eco-friendly, biodegradable, economical, and easily attainable from natural sources. Natural dyes have a reactive group that reacted with the cellulose of cotton fabrics in an alkaline condition to create a stable covalent bond between to dye and cellulose showing outstanding colorfastness properties of the plain weave. . This strength of woven cloth is one of the most significant characteristics which make it bigger in many applications as related to nonwoven and knitted clothes.
The property of shrinkage is expressed as the change of measurement through the length and width of the clothes after washing, either in hot water or in cold water . When cotton fabrics are submerged in water, they started to shrink in both warp and weft ways to neutralize pressures obtained from the processing finishing department. Shrinkage values are both types like positive and negative. Positive shrinkage refers that a fabric that will increase in length after washing. Wherein negative shrinkage fabrics started to shrink or reduce their length after washing .
The Cover factor is a technical dimension of the proportion area of the cloth enclosed by the yarns. The Cover factor is dependent on the construction of the clothes and the type of yarns used. Plain weave fabrics expressed the best cover factor values compared to twill and satin weave fabrics . Air permeability is a property that measures how effortlessly air passes through the clothes. It specifies the breathability of fabrics. The more the air-permeability is, the better the breathability is. Air-permeable clothes have a habit to have moderately high moisture vapor diffusion capacities . Canvas fabric expressed a higher value of weight and strength compared to poplin and voile, on the other hand, voile fabric expressed a better value of shrinkage compared to the other two fabrics. Canvas shows the highest value of air transmission ability .