Background: The use of condoms is key in the global fight against HIV and AIDS. This helps to reduce the rate of infection and disease burden in the general population. Furthermore, it underscores the need to intermittently study or assess the level of compliance with the use of condoms as a preventive measure.
Methods: The research was conducted to assess the level of compliance with condom use among HIV- infected discordant couples in Kaduna State Nigeria. The study was conducted in Antiretroviral (ART) treatment centers of 9 Local Government Areas of the 23 Local Government Areas in Kaduna State Nigeria. A total of 158 couples or 317 individuals were recruited for the study. A detailed questionnaire was used to collect data on demographics, the use of condoms, and the practice of unprotected sex.
Results: The results obtained in the study showed that the majority of the respondents 224(70.7%) were unemployed. Most of the respondents 230(72.6%) never used a condom while 87(27.4%) did use condoms. The study also revealed that the Educational status of respondents had a strong association with their perceived attitude towards the use of condoms during sex (p-value 0.009) while attitude towards the practice of unprotected sex was statistically insignificant (p-value 0.404). There is a need to improve on the educational coverage for the entire population to mitigate the scourge of HIV transmission.