15-Lipoxygenase-2(15-LOX-2) is thought to regulate inflammation and immunological function however, its mechanisms of action are still unclear. Furthermore, it has been reported that salidroside has anti inflammatory properties , but its role in macrophage function has not been understood yet In this study, we aimed to determine how 15-LOX-2 expression level s affect the function of macrophages and the effect of salidroside on 15-LOX-2 deficient macrophages We used multiple functional genetic strategies to determine 15-LOX-2 function in macrophages. 15-LOX-2 deficiency promotes phagocytosis and proliferation of macrophages and impairs their apoptosis Mechanistically, t he expression levels of cyclophilinB (CypB) were upregulated in 15-LOX-2 deficient Ana 1 macrophages, whereas those of caspase 3 were down regulated. Furthermore, RNA-seq analysis showed that inflammation, complement, and TNF-α signaling pathway s were all activated in 15-LOX-2 deficient Ana 1 macrophages. Treatment of 15-LOX-2 deficient macrophages with salidroside, a natural product derived from Rhodiola species, effectively reversed the effects of 15-LOX-2 deficiency on caspase 3 and CypB levels, as well as on apoptosis and proliferation. In conclusion, our study shows that there is a newly identified link between 15-LOX-2 deficiency and salidroside in regulating macrophage survival, proliferation, and function. Salidroside may be a promising therapeutic strategy for treating inflammation related diseases resulting from 15-LOX-2 deficiency.