analysis of the relationship between adolescents' self-esteem and friendship
In adolescence, the level of self-esteem develops rapidly and pays special attention to communication and interaction with friends. In this process, teenagers can more directly, objectively and comprehensively understand their own advantages and disadvantages by observing others and comparing with themselves.Therefore, the level of individual self-esteem will have an impact on the quality of their friendship.According to the correlation between each level of self-esteem and friendship quality, the higher the adolescents' physical self-esteem, interpersonal self-esteem, school self-esteem and academic self-esteem, the higher the degree of companionship and help, intimate communication, positive value, conflict betrayal, trust and respect with good friends, and the less conflict and betrayal with good friends;The higher the adolescent, s evaluation and feeling of the overall mental state of the self, the higher the evaluation and feeling of the health, appearance, and movement of the body, their acceptance of others, the degree of popularity, perception of others, perceptions of themselves and The higher the evaluation and feeling of interpersonal interaction ability; the higher the evaluation and feeling of one's own importance in school and academic ability, the more it can improve the quality of friendship with others, and conflicts and betrayal are less likely to occur. Zimmermann[12 ] took adolescents as the research object and measured the relationship between various levels of self-esteem and the quality of positive and negative friendships. It was found that the higher the school ability, social interaction, behavior and overall self-esteem scores of adolescents, the positive friendship quality is in intimacy, companionship and The higher the scores for help, safety, and trust, the higher the scores on all levels of self-esteem, the lower the negative friendship quality scores.Yu Jiazhen believed that adolescents' self-esteem was significantly positively correlated with the dimensions of trust and support, positive value, company and entertainment, conflict and betrayal in friendship quality, and adolescents' self-esteem had a positive predictive effect on friendship quality. Huang also found that there was a significant positive correlation between individual self-esteem and positive friendship quality, affirmation and concern, conflict resolution strategy, help and guidance, company and entertainment, intimacy and exposure. However, the higher the level of individual self-esteem, the lower the conflict and betrayal.
From the factor load values of the variables in the canonical correlation structure, it can be seen that interpersonal self-esteem scores the highest in all levels of self-esteem, and the highest scores in friendship quality are in the levels of close communication, affirmation value, and trust and respect, indicating that young people think they are affirmers of friends and make friends with themselves Friends are more confident in their abilities, and the quality of their positive friendships is better.The research results of Paterson also show that the relationship between adolescents' social self-esteem and the quality of friendship is closer than the relationship between school self-esteem, physical self-esteem and friendship quality. In addition, Zhou Dan also found a close relationship between social self-esteem and friendship quality in the study of the relationship between adolescent self-esteem and friendship quality.Xue Liming analyzed that self-esteem is a monitor of human individual relationships based on the self-esteem meter theory, a subjective measure of the relationship between individuals and society and with others, and reflects the empirical argument of whether individuals have good interpersonal relationships. It can be seen that the level of individual self-esteem will affect the quality of their friendship. The higher the quality of friendship, the higher the degree of acceptance and recognition of the individual by others, and the higher the individual’s evaluation of self-worth.
analysis of the relationship between emotional intelligence and friendship of adolescents
It can be seen from the correlation between adolescents’emotional intelligence and friendship at all levels: the higher the scores of adolescents’ emotional cognition, emotional expression, emotional regulation, emotional reflection and positive motivation, the companionship and help of their good friends, intimate communication, affirmation of value, The higher the level of conflict and betrayal, trust and respect, the fewer conflicts and betrayals occur.It shows that the more adolescents can perceive their emotional state, can appropriately express their emotional feelings, can regulate the development of negative emotions to positive emotions, and honestly introspect their own emotional reactions and performance, and their sense of competence in their ability to control emotions is also the higher, the more you can support each other with friends, the higher the trust and dependence between each other, the higher the intimacy between each other, and the less prone to conflict and betrayal.Wang Fei believes that the emotional intelligence of high school students is significantly correlated with the quality of friendship. Individuals with high emotional intelligence will show more pro-social behaviors, get along well with their peers, and have good friendship quality; those with low emotional intelligence Individuals are not well-adapted to society, do not handle various interpersonal problems well, and cannot understand partners, emotions in a timely manner.In another longitudinal study investigating the relationship between parent-child attachment and emotional regulation on mobility and the quality of friendship among urban children, it was found that lower emotional regulation ability predicted peer rejection, while higher emotional regulation ability predicted peer acceptance and recognition. People who know the reassessment have closer social relationships and are more popular with their peers, and expression inhibition is related to poorer interpersonal relationships.Hu Fangfang et al. believe that college students who are accustomed to using cognitive reappraisal strategies prefer to share emotions, have more close relationships, and are more loved by their peers, while college students who are accustomed to expressing suppression strategies receive less social support and interpersonal The relationship is poor. Therefore, the adaptive emotional intelligence strategy of consciously developing cognitive re-evaluation can improve the individual, s ability to regulate and manage emotions, which is of great significance for promoting interpersonal relationships and improving mental health.
Zhong Ping et al believe that individuals, trust and acceptance of friends and good communication are related to the individual, s ability to express their emotions in appropriate ways. If there is a big gap between them, social anxiety will occur. Therefore, in the process of interaction between individuals and friends, emotional expression is an indispensable factor in interpersonal communication.Zhang Juying also pointed out that people with high confidence in emotional expression are better able to use effective strategies to regulate their emotions and have better control over their emotions. They will actively use strategies to change unpleasant emotions and have a high sense of self-efficacy in interpersonal interaction.Therefore, if individuals can express their emotions and feelings in a consistent manner, and can communicate well with good friends, they can feel the intimacy of friendship even more.In addition, Zhu Yin studied the results of improving the peer relationship of junior high school students and found that teenagers who actively share their experiences with friends have a higher quality of positive friendship. It can be seen that the emotional honesty and listening of friends can promote mutual intimacy and form a sense of security and trust between individuals.