Introduction: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is the most common chronic inflammatory joint disease. Periodontitis is also an inflammatory disease that affects the periodontal tissue. The former studies have been suggested probable relationship between them.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation of severity of Periodontitis and RA activity.
Materials and Methods: In this study 50 patients who referred to the Rheumatology Department of the Khatamolanbia clinic of Yazd considering inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. After obtaining the informed consent, based on rheumatologic criteria such as Sedimentation (ESR and Clinical features they were divided into two groups; active and inactive RA. Topics were compared based on age, sex, Rheumatoid Factor, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Hemoglobin Level for RA Bleeding on Probing, Clinical Attachment Loss, Pocket Depth, and Tooth Loss for periodontitis.
Results: The results of this study showed that there was no significant relationship between the variables studied in the active and inactive RA subgroups (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the present study while all RA patients show some degree of periodontitis, the periodontitis severity is not correlated with RA activity.