Presently, there is little data concerning the quality and legibility of websites focusing on robotic colorectal surgery. This study analyzed 207 websites with publications concentrating on robotic colorectal surgery via the EQIP tool. The findings implied that out of the 207 websites, 125 websites contained not sufficient information or information that was not clear to the investigators. The evaluation conducted using the EQIP tool illustrated that most of the sites had received a low rating, which indicated that they probably contained low-quality information. As an outcome, the median EQIP score of all the articles, which was 20 out of 36, highlighted the prevalence of low-quality data concerning robotic colorectal surgery. On the one hand, the lowest-scoring data sources on robotic colorectal surgery were the articles by medical center websites, news stations, and web portals. On the other hand, hospitals, practitioners, health care systems, and the industry had the best scores. When evaluating the content of the sites, an extensive range of studies highlighted the fragmented experience with robot systems instead of the results of robotic colorectal operations. The main topics of the websites ranged from addressing how hospitals used the technology to the future development of this process.
For accessing the data in the websites, you can use a webcrawler algorithm. Webscraping refers to creating or using a computer software to extract data from entire websites or a few web pages. Also when you perform web scraping, you can either download the entire web page or key aspects such as the < title > tag or article body content for further analysis. Robust web scrapers allow you to automatically extract data from websites, this allows you or your co-workers to save time that would’ve have otherwise been spent on multiple data collection tasks. It also means that you can collect data at greater volume than a single human could ever hope to achieve. But for all this, you would need to have someone who knows how to code.
Also, most of the articles concentrate on the utilization of the robotic approach during this process. The primary reason for the development of robotic surgeries in colorectal procedures arose from the challenges presented by the laparoscopic approach. According to Gorgun, laparoscopy did not have a 3D view, limited movement, surgeon-dependent camera maneuverability, and retraction . Therefore, the introduction of the robotic system aimed to solve these problems. For instance, Antoniou et al. described the plan as having three parts: the computer console, the robot tower, and the video cart, as evident in [8, 9], allowing surgeons to be more flexible while having a surgery approach and to increase the overall hygiene. This factor explains why many authors tend to evaluate the benefits of using robots when performing colorectal surgeries.
A case study spearheaded by Morelli et al. revealed that using robots in colorectal surgeries reduced surgical complications and lowered conversion rates . This statement showcases that surgeons realize the advantages brought about by the Robotic system, such as triangulation restoration and reduced clashes of instruments. In a similar perspective, Ngu, Tsang, and Koh highlighted the capabilities of the latest Robotic system, Xi [11, 12]. The method comprises rotating arms and demonstrates an improved and simplified docking process. The high acceptance of the robotic system signifies that many hospitals consider using the approach when performing colorectal surgery. Comparing the Xi system to older models like Da Vinci Si reveals that the former is more efficient and reduces the time taken for operation . Also, the robotic Xi robot triggers reduced bleeding and postoperative complications [14, 15]. As an outcome, surgeons have adopted the approach to deal with complicated conditions like rectal cancer. However, a comparison between the robot and Micro-Hand robot-assisted surgery showed that the latter had advantages over the former based on hospitalization costs and postoperative stay .
The preference for minimally invasive procedures by both surgeons and patients has encouraged the development of the robot. Among the recent developments are the robotic Single-Site method, which permits surgeons to handle the technical complexities of laparoscopy. A review by Bae et al. showcased that the main advantage of the Single-Site platform is that it encourages regular triangulation, thereby making it easier for surgeons to perform colorectal surgeries . Therefore, it remains evident that the robotic system provides benefits to surgeons and patients undergoing colorectal surgery . The availability of this information on the internet implies that patients, particularly those from low-income homesteads, can acquire sufficient and accurate data on the subject. However, individuals must back up this information with a physician consultation to guarantee that the procedures are available in specific countries. Failure to do this leads to situations where patients are misinformed. Consulting a medical professional will permit a detailed discussion of the information found on the internet and allow surgeons to help clients differentiate facts from myths. Nevertheless, individuals from well-off backgrounds often consult physicians. In contrast, people from impoverished backgrounds rarely do so, making the former have a privilege over the latter when processing information from the internet.
This research is a comprehensive evaluation of the information quality on the internet relating to robotic colorectal surgery. The survey by Wasserman et al. used the DISCERN tool to evaluate online data quality . The paper's results indicated that the present information on colorectal cancer was variable, incomplete, and failed to convey data that can guide patients into reaching a well-informed conclusion about the treatment options available when managing colorectal cancer. These findings are consistent with the results of this study since most of the websites included in this study were unreliable. Patient information is rapidly becoming a form of patient-centered care because many patient-focused practitioners are focusing on patient data to develop ways of enhancing quality and reliability. In today’s society, many patients search the internet to find information on different medical subjects. A cross-sectional study spearheaded by Bianco et al. (2013), revealed that 83 percent of internet users obtained health-associated data online either for their self, family, or acquaintances . This situation implies that the internet is an extensive and unregulated platform that permits anyone to obtain healthcare information. Since the authors of website articles do not comply with a formal quality control procedure, they often post data that does not have sufficient accompanying evidence, or it simply does not rely on comprehensive research. For example, people may post information gathered from a small study population, implying that the findings may not represent the wider population, thus confusing consumers. Moreover, such a situation exposes patients to the consequences of acquiring inaccurate data, which adversely affects their ability to make appropriate decisions concerning their condition and/or treatment. Therefore, it remains crucial for the various medical institutions to collaborate and educate patients on the type of information they should trust and how to assess the validity and quality of the data. Likewise, patients should ask for the assistance of medical professionals to process information found on the internet since some blogs publish inaccurate data with malicious intentions. For this study, we evaluated the quality of websites using the EQIP tool. Other tools that we could have used include the DISCERN and the Health Educator Centre Tool. Despite the prevalence of multiple quality analysis tools, very few of them have undergone testing to guarantee their reliability. After evaluating and comparing the tools against one another, we decided to use the EQIP tool due to its ability to analyze the format of information presentation and the content of the publications. EQIP is a better tool for [S46] this research than DISCERN. EQIP was able to distinguish between information of poor and high quality and correlated with other measures of information quality . DISCRAN is similar in its objectives to the EQIP tool  Also, McCool et al. identify EQIP as a validated approach for analyzing the comprehensibility, design, and excellence of written data . Since its development, EQIP has showcased that it is trustworthy and reproducible . The information available on the internet can influence the kind of decisions patients make concerning robotic colorectal surgery and thus encourage them to consider alternative options, as opposed to what surgeons might suggest.
There is a possibility that this study may not be relevant in a few years, particularly if the authors start presenting quality data via the websites they develop. Therefore, we view that the outcomes of this research represent the current data on the internet concerning robotic colorectal surgery in 2021. This research reveals the lack of availability of quality information on the internet about the research topic. Thus, the medical community should develop high-quality websites to guarantee patient-centered approaches that provide relevant and accurate information regarding robotic colorectal surgery. The absence of extensive data on the topic implies that patients will have minimal documents to refer to when conducting individual research on the internet on the subject. Future researchers should deal with this literature gap by conducting more research on the topic to ensure that other researchers, surgeons, and patients can utilize a greater volume of useful data for reference purposes.