Background The present study sought to investigate the efficiency and safety of SBLR-rec for the treatment of CI-IXT.
Methods This retrospective case series study included 34 patients who underwent SBLR-rec for CI-IXT in Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University between September 2013 and October 2015 with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. A successful surgical alignment was defined as +5 to -10 prism diopters (PD) of orthophoria in the primary position while viewing distant or near targets and a difference between the distance and near deviation angles of ≤8PD.
Results The mean age of the patients at surgery was 7.09±3.80 years (range, 3 to 18 years). The mean distance deviations were -26.09±6.5 PD (range, -15 to -35 PD) and the mean near deviations, -37.21±6.3 PD (range, -25 to -45 PD) preoperatively. The mean recession amount of upper pole of the lateral rectus was 5.97 mm (range, 4.0 to 7.5mm) and that of lower pole of the lateral rectus, 7.49 mm (range, 6.0 to 8.5mm). At a mean follow-up of 15.0 months (range, 6 to 37 months), the surgical success rate was 70.6% (24/34), the under-correction rate was 17.6% (6/34), and the overcorrection rate was 11.8% (4/34). The mean difference between the distance and near deviation angles was significantly reduced from 11.12±2.06 PD (range, 10 to 15 PD) preoperatively to 2.47±3.04 PD (range, 0 to 10 PD) postoperatively (P<0.001). Each millimeter of difference between the upper and lower poles of the lateral rectus recession was associated with an improvement of 5.65 PD in the near-distance difference of deviation. At the final follow up, a distance-near difference of deviation of ≤8PD was found in 32 (94.1%) patients. none of the patients developed A-V pattern, torsional diplopia, or restricted abduction of the eyes.
Conclusions SBLR-rec for CI-IXT may successfully reduce the distance and near exodeviations and the distance-near deviation difference, thus was proved to be an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of CI-IXT.