Background: Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) dominate intracellular molecules to perform a series of tasks such as transcriptional regulation, information transduction, and drug signalling. The traditional wet experiment method to obtain PPIs information is costly and time-consuming.
Result: In this paper, SDNN-PPI, a PPI prediction method based on self-attention and deep learning is proposed. The method adopts amino acid composition (AAC), conjoint triad (CT) and auto covariance (AC) to extract global and local features of protein sequences, and leverages self-attention to enhance DNN feature extraction to more effectively accomplish the prediction of PPIs. In order to verify the generalization ability of SDNN-PPI, a 5-fold cross-validation on the intraspecific interactions dataset of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (core subset) and human is used to measure our model in which the accuracy rates reach to 95.4% and 98.94% respectively. The accuracy rates of 93.15% and 88.33% are obtained in the interspecific interactions dataset of human-Bacillus Anthracis and Human-Yersinia pestis, respectively. In the independent data set Caenorhabditis elegans, Escherichia coli, Homo sapiens and Mus musculus, the prediction accuracy is 100% respectively, which is higher than the previous PPIs prediction methods. To further evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the model, the one-core and crossover network are conducted to predict PPIs, and the data show that the model correctly predicts the interaction pairs in the network.
Conclusion: In this paper, AAC, CT and AC methods are used to encode the sequence, and SDNN-PPI method is proposed to predict PPIs based on self-attention deep learning neural network. Satisfactory results are obtained on interspecific and intraspecific data sets, and good performance is also achieved in cross-species prediction. It can also correctly predict the protein interaction of cell and tumor information contained in one-core network and crossover network.The SDNN-PPI proposed in this paper not only explores the mechanism of protein-protein interaction, but also provides new ideas for drug design and disease prevention.