Epigenetic reprogramming plays a critical role in chondrocyte senescence during osteoarthritis (OA) pathology, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here using large-scale patient data sets and genetically engineered (Col2a1-CreERT2;Eldrflox/flox and Col2a1-CreERT2;ROSA26-LSL-Eldr+/+ KI) mouse models, we show that a novel transcript of long noncoding RNA ELDR is essential for the development of chondrocyte senescence. ELDR is highly expressed in chondrocytes and cartilage tissues of OA. Mechanistically, exon 4 of ELDR physically mediates a complex consisting of hnRNPL and KAT6A to regulate histone modifications of the promoter region of the IHH gene, thereby activating hedgehog signaling and promoting chondrocyte senescence. Therapeutically, GapmeR-mediated silencing of ELDR in OA model substantially attenuates chondrocyte senescence and cartilage degradation. Clinically, ELDR knockdown in cartilage explants from OA patients decreased the expression of senescence markers and catabolic mediators. Taken together, these findings uncover a previously uncharacterized lncRNA-dependent epigenetic driver in chondrocyte senescence, highlighting that ELDR could be a promising therapeutic avenue for OA.