Introductions: Cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by infection of the intestine with the gram-negative bacteria Vibrio cholera. According to updated global burden of cholera estimate 2018 in Ethiopia 68,805,272 populations are at risk of cholera with incidence rate of 4 per 1000 population and case fatality of 3.8% estimated annual number of cases 275,221.
Methods: The main objective of this study is to identify the significant risk factors of dehydration status of cholera outbreak in Oromia regional state of Ethiopia. Ordinal logistic regression was used to model the data by incorporating the assumption behind this novel model.
Results: The results of the study indicated that of the total 965 cholera patients, most of them 560(58%) were severely dehydrated by cholera. The overall goodness of model (p-valu=0.07) shows that the model fits the data well. Besides, the proportional odds assumption also revealed that the slop coefficients in the model are the same across dehydration status (p-value=0.094). For those have history of travel, the odds of severely dehydrated versus the combined some dehydrated and no dehydrated was exp(1.133804)=3.11 times higher than those have no history of travel (p-value<0.01). All the other factors like history of contact with other patients, other sick patients in the family, Intravenous and Antibiotics drugs are statistically significant with 5% level of significance to determine the status of dehydration.
Conclusions: The ordinal logistic regression was fitted the data well and most of the included factors were significant for the dehydration status of cholera outbreak.