Background: Breastfeeding exposed to HIV is a major factor in the spread of HIV, but breastfeeding alone poses a significant risk to the baby's health because breastfeeding can reduce the impact of many infections and support some chronic diseases. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess exercise-based and associated factors breastfeeding on HIV-infected mothers for children age 1-24 months in the central zone, Tigray, north Ethiopia.
Methods: A Facility-based Cross-Sectional study was conducted from March to April 2019. A systematic random sampling method was used to select study participants. Information was collected using a structured, pre-tested questionnaire. The data is coded, cleaned, copied and entered EPI-info 7 and finally export to SPSS version 22.00 for analysis. Association between independent and dependent variables was first analyzed using binary logistic regression analyses. An alternative bivariate logistic regression analyzes of less than 0.2 were entered in multivariable logistic regression analysis. The statistical association between variance dependent and independent variables was measured using an OR, AOR, 95% CI, and a p-value less than 0.05.
Result: 239 HIV-positive mothers participated in this study. Approximately 204(85.4) are favorable attitude in the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. The majority of mothers 206 (86.7%) experienced good breastfeeding. Mothers with Information while exclusive breastfeeding (AOR, 2.57, 95%CI: 1.03- 6.4) and age at first birth (AOR: .247, 95%: (.106- .578) had a significant collaboration on exclusive breastfeeding practice among HIV-infected mothers. Several ANC visits have had a significant collaboration on exclusive breastfeeding practice among HIV-infected mothers (AOR; 3.726 95%CI; 1 .055-13.154).
Conclusion: The study found that HIV positive mothers attending health care facilities had a favorable attitude but practiced on EBF is still low. Therefore, train health professionals especially health extension workers to raise awareness education, enhance information, regarding EBF and strength counseling in ANC service is better to improve the HIV positive mother level of attitude and practice to EBF.