During study of disaster management in Himachal Pradesh it has been observed that there has been no separate department for disaster management at the state level as well as district level only the revenue department of government has been managing all kind of work related to disasters at the state and district level. There was no permanent disaster management authorities at all the levels of the state in Himachal Pradesh. Only at the time of disasters happening anywhere, the government and administration make efforts to establish disaster management. It can be analyzed after the study the role of government and administration in any disaster situation was not effective. Government and administration were not preparing disaster management policy regarding prevention, mitigation and reduction policies. The action plan of the state government and district was not also effective during any disaster situation in a real sense.
It was also concluded that the financial arrangement of the state government and district administration were not full fill the need of affected community in meeting any disaster situation. The relief measures were very low in real divesting properties. The emergency relief funds did not full fill the need of affected community. The rescue operation of the government and administration did not satisfy affected community needs. It was very slow and not effective in any disaster situation.
Govt. and administration did not make efforts to link NGOs, CBOs, VOs and corporate sector to manage disaster situation. They ignored by the govt. and administration to invite for the meeting of disaster management. The government and administration were also not making efforts to provide them funds for sources and other equipments inventories to handling disasters. The state govt. and the district administration were not providing all the facilities to the affected community in right time during disasters. The rehabilitation system was not satisfactory. The system of information dissemination of the state government and district administration was not much capable. It was seen that there was not proper coordination system among the different functionaries of state and district levels.
There was lack of coordination at the state, district, sub-division, block, tehsil as well as village levels among the different functionaries of the disaster management.Regarding proper information system it has been observed that in any disaster situation there was a lack of proper information system among the different functionaries of the disaster management. Some times they were very much late to collect information from the disaster occurred places. So they were not able to start relief and rescue operation well in time for the affected community. It was also assessed after the study that there was also lack of resources, inventories, facilities and infrastructure for handling any disaster situation. Some time it was found that the state government and district administration had failed to handle a disaster situation for the want of infrastructure, resources, inventories and other facilities. It was found that community was not participating in the government and administration disaster management system. They were not giving cooperation to the government and administration to successfully manage disaster management system. The community was not fully aware about the disasters' causes and their recovery.
There is a need of efficient permanent organization set up for disaster management in Himachal Pradesh. it should be established at state level to panchayat level.There should be a need of good governance and sound administration for the better performance to manage disaster situation in Himachal Pradesh.There should be a separate ministry for the disaster management at the national and state level. It should be called the ministry of disaster management.There should be a need to establish separate department to manage disaster management system in Himachal Pradesh. It should be established at state level in block level in Himachal Pradesh.The govt. of Himachal Pradesh should enact disaster management act for authorities, coordination, mitigation, preparedness and response as well as for various mitigation preparedness measures of the disaster management.Setting up of disaster management committees is urgently needed at state level to panchayat level in Himachal Pradesh.The state govt. and district administration should implement disaster management policy effectively.
The state govt. and the district administration should develop and integrate "all hazard" disaster management plans on priority. Which too must be practiced and updated periodically.There is a need of effective disaster preparedness prevention, reduction, mitigation and rehabilitation system in Himachal Pradesh. The govt. and the administration must implement effective disaster preparedness, prevention, reduction, mitigation and rehabilitation policies to manage the crisis/disaster situations.There should be effective coordination system between the state govt. and field administration in Himachal Pradesh. For effective disaster management system there must be good relation between the central and state govt. they should cooperate them for relief and rescue measures in the disaster situation faced by the state community.