The subject of this research is the thermogravimetric analysis of bamboo and bamboo biochar in an inert environment at 10, 20, and 30°C/min. The physicochemical characterizations of bamboo and bamboo biochar were carried out as per the standard methods. Vacuum pyrolysis was used for the bamboo biochar. The FWO (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa) and KAS (Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose), methods determined thermodynamic and kinetic parameters within the active pyrolysis zone. Thermal degradation bamboo biomass undergoes several steps of loss of mass, including moisture loss, passive and active pyrolysis. Between 180°C and 395°C, the active pyrolysis zone accounted for 50 to 55 percent of the mass loss. For FWO and KAS models, bamboo biochar had lower activation energy values (99.23 and 96.07 kJ/mol) than bamboo biomass (262.5303 and 266.62 kJ/mol). The findings of the study for bamboo and its biochar revealed a significant opportunity in the agro industry for designing and building pyrolysis reactors for long-term biofuel generation.