Basic in Somali. a country in East Africa, no data are available about key features of stroke such as incidence, prevalence, and mortality or stroke subtypes. So. we decided to conduct this study to make sure the rate burden of stroke in our population and become a starting data for further research.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We performed a retrospective hospital-based study in Mogadishu, Somali, to assess risk factors and etiology of stroke. Patients were recruited from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019, at the MogadishuSomali–Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Training and Research Hospital.
A total of 292 participants with stroke (65.4% male and 34.6% women) were analyzed. The prevalence of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes were 66.8% and 33.2% respectively. A system for categorization of subtypes of ischemic stroke mainly based on etiology has been developed for the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST), the most prevalent were stroke of other determined etiology (28.7%), undetermined (24.6%) and large artery disease (22.1%) while the least common ischemic strokes were lunar stroke (11.3%) and cardio embolic (13.3%). The most prevalent hemorrhagic strokes were Basal ganglia
CONCLUSIONS: In Somalia there is no previous data for the prevalence and risk factors of the stroke. We concluded that the prevalence of hemorrhagic stroke in Somalia is more compared than the other countries (from 20% worldwide to 33.2% Somali). And the most risk factors were hypertension and diabetes mellitus.