In order to transport information with topological protection, we reveal and demonstrate experimentally the existence of a characteristic length $L_c$, coined as the transport length, in the bulk size for edge states in one-dimensional Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) chains. In spite of the corresponding wavefunction amplitude decays exponentially, characterized by the penetration depth ξ, the transport between two edge states remains possible even when the lattice size L is much larger than the penetration depth, i.e., ξ << L << Lc. Due to the non-zero coupling energy in a finite-size system, the supported SSH edge states are not completely isolated at the two ends, giving an abrupt change in the wave localization, manifested through the inverse participation ratio to the lattice size. To verify such a non-exponential scaling factor to the system size, we implement a chain of split-ring resonators and their complementary ones with controllable hopping strengths. By performing the measurements on the group velocity from the transmission spectroscopy of non-trivially topological edge states with pulse excitations, the transport velocity between two edge states is directly observed with the number of lattices up to 20. Along the route to harness topology to protect optical information, our experimental demonstrations provide a crucial guideline for utilizing photonic topological devices.