The article deals with the issues that allow creating conditions that exclude the formation of abrasive agglomerations in the process of applying a polymer coating in installations with a fluidized bed. The authors pay attention to the stages of agglomeration of the abrasive in the fluidized bed, as well as possible situations that arise when one particle collides with another. The problem of agglomeration development in the installation chamber is relevant, as it directly affects the quality of the coating, its uniformity. In addition, the critical size of the agglomerations will stop the coating process and lead to large material losses. The research carried out in the article on the process of obtaining a new effective abrasive material for waterjet cutting makes it possible to increase the cutting capabilities of a water jet.