1.Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results. 2007. Contract No.: 4326.0.
2.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Rural, Regional and Remote Health: indicators of health status and determinants of health. In: Welfare AIoHa, editor. Rural Health Series. Canberra: AIHW; 2008.
3.Campbell A, Manoff J, Caffey J. Rurality and mental health: an Australian primary care study. Journal of Rural and Remote Health. 2006;6.
4.Australian Bureau of Statistics. Causes of Death, Australia. 2015 28/09/2016. Contract No.: 3303.0.
5.Mash EJ, Barkley RA. Treatment of Childhood Disorders, Third Edition. New York: Guilford Publications; 2006.
6.Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, et al. The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health. 2015.
7.Fraser C, Judd F, Jackson H, Murray G, Humphreys J, Hodgins GA. Does one size really fit all? Why the mental health of rural Australians requires further research. The Australian journal of rural health. 2002;10(6):288–95.
8.Catalano RF, Fagan AA, Gavin LE, Greenberg MT, Irwin Jr CE, Ross DA, et al. Worldwide application of prevention science in adolescent health. The Lancet. 2012;379(9826):1653–64.
9.McMurray A. Community Health and Wellness: a sociological approach. 3 ed. Australia Elsevier; 2007.
10.Perkins D, Fuller J, Kelly BJ, Lewin TJ, Fitzgerald M, Coleman C, et al. Factors associated with reported service use for mental health problems by residents of rural and remote communities: cross-sectional findings from a baseline survey.(Research article)(Report). BMC Health Services Research. 2013;13:157.
11.Edwards B, Baxter J. The tyrannies of distance and disadvantage: factors related to children’s development in regional and disadvantaged area’s of Australia. Melbourne: Australian Insititute of Family Studies 2013;Report No.: 25.
12.Dray J, Bowman J, Freund M, Campbell E, Hodder R, Lecathelinais C, et al. Mental health problems in a regional population of Australian adolescents: association with socio-demographic characteristics. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2016;10(1).
13.Farmer J, Munoz S-A, Threlkeld G. Theory in rural health. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2012;20(4):185–9.
14.Beard JR, Tomaska N, Earnest A, Summerhayes R, Morgan G. Influence of socioeconomic and cultural factors on rural health. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2009;17(1):10–5.
15.Fisher M, Baum F. The social determinants of mental health: implications for research and health promotion. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2010;44(12):1057–63.
16.Bronfenbrenner U. Children and families: 1984? Society. 1981;18(2):38–41.
17.Bronfenbrenner U. Ecological systems theory. In: Kazdin AE, editor. Encyclopedia of Psychology. New York, NY, US: American Psychological Association; 2000. p. 129–33.
18.Bronfenbrenner U, Ceci SJ. Nature–Nurture Reconceptualized in Developmental Perspective: A Bioecological Model. Psychological Review. 1994;101(4):568–86.
19.World Health Organisation. Social Determinants of Health: the solid facts. 2003:33.
20.Moore TG, McDonald M, Carlon L, O’Rourke K. Early childhood development and the social determinants of health inequities. Health Promotion International. 2015;30:ii102-ii15.
21.Reiss F. Socioeconomic inequalities and mental health problems in children and adolescents: A systematic review. Social Science & Medicine. 2013;90:24–31.
22.Steele E, Wong E, Karahalios A, Johnson S, Weston K, Kremer P, et al. The Influence of Social Disadvantage on Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties at Age 4–7 Years. J Pediatr. 2015;167(2):442-+.
23.Davis E, Sawyer MG, Lo SK, Priest N, Wake M. Socioeconomic Risk Factors for Mental Health Problems in 4–5-Year-Old Children: Australian Population Study. Academic Pediatrics. 2010;10(1):41–7.
24.Roos L, Hiebert B, Manivong P, Edgerton J, Walld R, MacWilliam L, et al. What is Most Important: Social Factors, Health Selection, and Adolescent Educational Achievement. Social Indicators Research. 2013;110(1):385–414.
25.Christensen D, Fahey MT, Giallo R, Hancock KJ. Longitudinal trajectories of mental health in Australian children aged 4–5 to 14–15 years.(Research Article)(Report). PLoS ONE. 2017;12(11):e0187974.
26.Myles N, Large M, Myles H, Adams R, Liu D, Galletly C. Australia’s economic transition, unemployment, suicide and mental health needs. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2017;51(2):119–23.
27.Cygan‐Rehm K, Kuehnle D, Oberfichtner M. Bounding the causal effect of unemployment on mental health: Nonparametric evidence from four countries. Health Economics. 2017;26(12):1844–61.
28.Miller-Lewis LR, Searle AK, Sawyer MG, Baghurst PA, Hedley D. Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: an analysis with multiple methodologies. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2013;7(2013:):6.
29.Kelly BJ, Lewin TJ, Stain HJ, Coleman C, Fitzgerald M, Perkins D, et al. Determinants of mental health and well-being within rural and remote communities.(Report). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2011;46(12):1331.
30.Scannell L, Gifford R. The experienced psychological benefits of place attachment. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2017;51:256–69.
31.Agyekum B, Newbold KB. Sense of Place and Mental Wellness of Visible Minority Immigrants in Hamilton, Ontario: Revelations from Key Informant. Canadian Ethnic Studies. 2016;48(1):101–22.
32.Gattino S, Piccoli N, Fassio O, Rollero C. Quality of Life and Sense of Community. A study on Health and Place of Residence. Journal of Community Psychology. 2013;41(7):811–26.
33.Abbott-Chapman J, Johnston R, Jetson T. Rural belonging, place attachment and youth educational mobility: rural parents’ views. Rural Society. 2014;23:296+.
34.Hill EM, Shepherd D, Welch D, Dirks KN, McBride D. Percetions of neighbourhood problems and health-related quality of life. Journal of Community Psychology. 2012;40(7):814–27.
35.Carnie TL, Berry HL, Blinkhorn SA, Hart CR. In their own words: Young people’s mental health in drought‐affected rural and remote NSW. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2011;19(5):244–8.
36.Dean J, Stain H. The Impact of Drought on the Emotional Well‐Being of Children and Adolescents in Rural and Remote New South Wales. Journal of Rural Health. 2007;23(4):356–64.
37.Dean J, Stain H. Mental health impact for adolescents living with prolonged drought. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2010;18(1):32–7.
38.Dray J, Bowman J, Wolfenden L, Campbell E, Freund M, Hodder R, et al. Systematic review of universal resilience interventions targeting child and adolescent mental health in the school setting: review protocol. Systematic Reviews. 2015;4.
39.Goodman R. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A Research Note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1997;38(5):581–6.
40.Goodman R. Psychometric Properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2001;40(11):1337–45.
41.Stone LL, Otten R, Engels RCME, Vermulst AA, Janssens JMAM. Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher Versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for 4- to 12-Year-Olds: A Review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 2010;13(3):254–74.
42.Kelly BJ, Stain HJ, Coleman C, Perkins D, Fragar L, Fuller J, et al. Mental health and well‐being within rural communities: The Australian Rural Mental Health Study. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2010;18(1):16–24.
43.Chipuer HM, Pretty GMH. A review of the sense of community index: Current uses, factor structure, reliability, and further development. Journal of Community Psychology. 1999;27(6):643–58.
44.Loomis C, Wright C. How many factors does the sense of community index assess? Journal of Community Psychology. 2018;46(3):383–96.
45.Australian Bureau of Statistics. Measures of Socioeconomic Status. Canberra2011.
46.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Rural, regional and remote health: a guide to remote classifications.. Canberra2004.
47.IBM Corp. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp; 2017.
48.Mellor D. Normative data for the strengths and difficulties questionnaire in Australia. Australian Psychologist. 2005;40(3):215–22.
49.Seward RJ, Bayliss DM, Stallman HM, Ohan JL. Psychometric Properties and Norms for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Administered Online in an Australian Sample: SDQ online: Australian norms and psychometric data. Australian Psychologist. 2017.
50.Legg E, Wells M, Barile J. Factors Related to Sense of Community in Youth Sport Parents. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. 2015;33(2).
51.Kitchen P, Williams A, Chowhan J. Sense of Community Belonging and Health in Canada: A Regional Analysis. Social Indicators Research. 2012;107(1):103–26.
52.Greenfield E, Marks N. Sense of Community as a Protective Factor against Long-Term Psychological Effects of Childhood Violence. The Social Service Review. 2010;84(1):129.
53.Bellis MA, Hardcastle K, Ford K, Hughes K, Ashton K, Quigg Z, et al. Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences - a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17(1):110.
54.Marmot M, Bell R. Fair Society, Healthy Lives. Public Health. 2012;126:S4-S10.
55.Smith KB, Humphreys J, Wilson MGA. Addressing the health disadvantage of rural populations: How does epidemiological evidence inform rural health policies and research? Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2008;16(2).
56.Australian Bureau of Statistics. General Social Survey: Summary Results, Australia,. 2015 29/06/2015. Contract No.: 4159.0
57.Banks E, Redman S, Jorm L, Armstrong B, Bauman A, Beard J, et al. Cohort Profile: The 45 and Up Study. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2008;37(5):941–7.
58.Dunstan DA, Todd AK. A method of assessing the resilience of whole communities of children: an example from rural Australia.(Research)(Report). Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2012;6:17.
59.Hayes L. Problem behaviours in early primary school children: Australian normative data using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Australasian Psychiatry, 2007, Vol41(3), p231–238. 2007;41(3):231–8.
60.Harding S, Read UM, Molaodi OR, Cassidy A, Maynard MJ, Lenguerrand E, et al. The Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health (DASH) study: diversity, psychosocial determinants and health. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2015;50(8):1173–88.
61.Mathai J, Jespersen S, Bourne A, Donegan T, Akinbiyi A, Gray K. Use of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in identifying emotional and behavioural problems in children of parents with a mental illness in Australia. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health. 2008;7(3):200–6.
62.Guy S, Furber G, Leach M, Segal L. How many children in Australia are at risk of adult mental illness? Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2016;50(12):1146–60.