Background Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) have become a powerful tool in discovering a novel cell type and pinpointing cellular specific gene within tissues. However, in diseased kidneys, especially caused by glomerulonephritis, there have few study focusing on revealing gene expression changes at the cellular level.
Methods To reveal cellular gene expression profiles of glomerulonephritis, we performed scRNA-seq of 2 human kidney transplantation donor samples, 4 human glomerulonephritis samples, 1 human malignant hypertension sample and 1 human chronic interstitial nephritis sample, all tissues were taken from biopsy.
Results Upon disease occur, immune cells infiltrate which can be proved by our dataset. In the cluster of podocyte, two glomerulonephritis related genes named FXYD5 and CD74 were found, and interferon alpha/beta signalling pathway and antigen processing and presentation was enriched in podocyte of LN and IgAN comparing with other samples, thus inhibiting these signalling pathway may alleviate the symptom of these disease.
Conclusions Cellular origin of kidney disease associated genes and the activated signaling pathways the genes involved in can be found by scRNA-seq.