Determining the optimal parameters for the photovoltaic system (PV) model is essential during the design, evolution, development, estimation, and PV systems analysis. Therefore, it is crucial for the proper advancement of the best parameters of the PV models based on modern computational techniques. Thus, this work suggests a new Orthogonal-Learning-Based Gray Wolf Optimizer (OLBGWO) through a local exploration for estimating the unknown variables of PV cell models. The exploitation and exploration capability of the basic Gray Wolf Optimizer (GWO) is improved by the orthogonal-learning-based (OLB) approach, and this arrangement promotes a highly reliable equilibrium between the exploitation and exploration levels of the algorithm. In OLBGWO, the OLB strategy is used to find the best solution for the poor populations and directs the population to review the potential search area during the iterative process. Also, an exponential decay function is employed to decrease the value of vector a in GWO. The developed algorithm is directly applied to the parameter identification problem of the PV system. The proposed OLBGWO algorithm estimates the unknown parameters of the single-diode model (SDM), double-diode model (DDM), and PV module model. The performance of the OLBGWO is compared with other competitive algorithms to prove its superiority. The simulation results prove that the OLBGWO algorithm can achieve high solution accuracy with high convergence speed.