Background: Obesity has become a major driver in the burden of chronic diseases. The Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines recommends a lifestyle intervention for the management and prevention of obesity. This includes behaviour modification, dietary counselling, and physical activity. With the market overwhelmed with weight loss programs, majority are focused on low-calorie diets and general recommendations for exercise. Most are not personalized and are not administered by health care professionals. An interdisciplinary team of highly trained health care professionals have the ability to provide medically sound and safe advice in all aspects of an individuals’ life, such as, lifestyle, sleep, mental health, and behaviours. A clinically-managed weight loss program is defined as a team including a dietitian, and/or exercise professional, and/or psychologist, and/or physician or nurse practitioner oversight. With limiting results in the literature regarding clinically-managed weight loss programs, it is difficult to conclude whether it may be effective. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review is to assess clinically-managed weight loss programs, with physician or nurse practitioner oversight in comparison to non-clinically-managed weight loss programs with no physician oversight or nurse practitioner oversight in adults who are living with overweight or obesity.
Methods: A literature search will be executed by a knowledge synthesis librarian on MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, Embase, PsycINFO, and CINAHL. The data collected will be extracted, stored, and managed in MS Excel 2016. The extraction of the data will include study details, study population details, health team details, intervention details, and outcome details.
Discussion: The prevalence of obesity has been increasing throughout the decades. Results from this systematic review may aid in recommending a more clinically safe weight loss program for those who struggle with overweight or obesity.
PROSPERO ID: CRD42020170014