Gastrointestinal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths and its incidence varies based on geographical, demographic, genetic and clinical factors. In this study, we aim to investigate the frequency of upper gastrointestinal cancers in patients referred to the endoscopy department Shohada Ashayer and Shahid Rahimi Hospital of Khorramabad from 2015-2019.
This research is a descriptive observational study where patients suspected for gastrointestinal cancer were included. These patients underwent endoscopy where samples from suspected cancer patient were subjected to histopathological analysis for confirmation. Demographic data along with the findings from endoscopy and pathology and details regarding the lesions (type and location) and the causes of lesions were recorded in the checklist for all the patients.
Of 1274 patients, 630 (49/5%) were male and 644 (50/5%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 50 years. The Frequency of stomach cancer was 194 (16.7%) and that of esophageal cancer was 123 (9.7%).
The most common type of pathology in esophageal cancer was squamous cell carcinoma with 91 cases (73.9%) and in the stomach were all cases were of adenocarcinoma. The distal part of the esophagus was most affected, 88 cases (72.2%) and cardiac end in the stomach. with 98 cases (50.5%) . The frequency of cancer was significantly higher in men and in patients aged above 60 years, p<0.05, respectively.
According to the results of the study, gastric cancer is the most common upper gastrointestinal cancer in regional population, followed by esophageal cancer.