Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) played a crucial role in various diseases, including cancers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of miR-124 in patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).
Methods: The expression pattern of miR-124 was detected in CCA tissues using quantitative reserve transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The correlation of miR-124 expression with clinicopathological features and overall survival of patients were explored using chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox regression analyses.
Results: The miR-124 expression level was strong down-regulated in CCA tissues compared with normal para-cancerous tissues (P<0.001). Moreover, aberrant miR-124 expression was significantly associated with differentiation (P=0.045) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.040). In addition, Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test revealed that patients with low miR-124 expression has a poorer overall survival compared with those with high miR-124 expression (P=0.002). Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed that miR-124 expression (P=0.006; HR=2.006; 95%CI: 1.224-3.289) was an independent prognostic indicator in CCA.
Conclusions: Collectively, our results defined miR-124 expression plays important roles in CCA patients. MiR-124 expression might used as a valuable prognostic biomarker for patients with CCA.